Low latency information transfer based on precision time synchronization via wireless interferometry

authors:: Daijiro Koyama, Yunzhuo Wang, Nobuyasu Shiga, Satoshi Yasuda, Nicolas Chauvet, Makoto Naruse, 2021 link:: doi:: 10.1587/nolta.12.225


The growing demand of high-bandwidth and low-latency information transfer in information and communication technologies such as data centers and in-vehicle networks has increased the importance of optical communication networks in recent years. However, complicated arbitration schemes can impose significant overheads in data transfer, which may inhibit the full exploitation of the potential of optical interconnects. Herein, we propose an arbitration protocol based on precision time synchronization via wireless two-way interferometry (Wi-Wi), and numerically validate its efficiency including the ability to impose a strict upper bound on the latency of data transfer. We introduce the notion of arbitration point (AP) for a designated time duration, which is shared by all nodes thanks to the time synchronization by Wi-Wi, to determine data transmission while ensuring avoiding collision. Compared with the conventional carrier sense multiple access/collision detection (CSMA/CD)-based approach, a significant improvement in the data transfer was observed especially in the cases with high traffic flow rate. Furthermore, we conducted a proof-of-principle experiment for Wi-Wi-based data transfer between two electrically connected nodes and confirmed that the skew was less than 300 ns and remained stable over time. Conversely, non-Wi-Wi-based data transfer exhibited huge and unstable skew. These results indicate that precision time synchronization is a promising resource to reduce the communication overheads and ensure low latency for future networks and real-time applications.