• @PasqualeEtAl2022 A. Pasquale, G. Zanotti, J. Prinetto, M. Ceresoli, and M. Lavagna, “Cislunar distributed architectures for communication and navigation services of lunar assets,” Acta Astronautica, vol. 199, pp. 345–354, Oct. 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2022.06.004.
  • @Naseem2022 M. Naseem, “Last-mile Analogies for a Lunar Communications Network - Open Lunar Foundation,” Open Lunar Foundation, Jan. 26, 2022. (accessed Feb. 11, 2023).

Architecture x Policy

Lunar South Pole

  • @DivsalarEtAl2019 D. Divsalar, M. S. Net, and K.-M. Cheung, “Acquisition and tracking for communications between Lunar South Pole and Earth,” in 2019 IEEE Aerospace Conference, Mar. 2019, pp. 1–14. doi: 10.1109/AERO.2019.8742112.
  • @MalmstromEtAl2006 R. Malmström, A. Lo, N. Brown, and G. Haney, “Continuous Communications to the Moon’s South Pole,” in Space 2006, in AIAA SPACE Forum. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2006. doi: 10.2514/6.2006-7453.

Existing Relays

  • @CainiFiore2012 C. Caini and V. Fiore, “Moon to earth DTN communications through lunar relay satellites,” in 2012 6th Advanced Satellite Multimedia Systems Conference (ASMS) and 12th Signal Processing for Space Communications Workshop (SPSC), Sep. 2012, pp. 89–95. doi: 10.1109/ASMS-SPSC.2012.6333112.
  • @KellerEtAl2016 J. W. Keller, N. E. Petro, and R. R. Vondrak, “The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Mission – Six years of science and exploration at the Moon,” Icarus, vol. 273, pp. 2–24, Jul. 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2015.11.024.

Future Relays

Deep Space Network

  • @CarruthEtAl2010 B. Carruth, M. Johnston, A. Coffman, M. Wallace, B. Arroyo, and S. Malhotra, “A Collaborative Scheduling Environment for NASA’s Deep Space Network,” in SpaceOps 2010 Conference, Huntsville, Alabama: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Apr. 2010. doi: 10.2514/6.2010-2284.
  • @ClementJohnston B. J. Clement and M. D. Johnston, “The Deep Space Network Scheduling Problem”.
  • @ShourabouraEtAl C. Shouraboura, M. D. Johnston, and D. Tran, “Prioritization and Oversubscribed Scheduling for NASA’s Deep Space Network”.

Optical Links

  • @CheungLee2018 K.-M. Cheung and C. Lee, “Lunar Relay Coverage Analysis for RF and Optical Links,” in 2018 SpaceOps Conference, Marseille, France: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, May 2018. doi: 10.2514/6.2018-2612.
  • @Araki2021 T. Araki, “A trade-off study of lunar-earth optical communication links,” in International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2020, SPIE, Jun. 2021, pp. 811–819. doi: 10.1117/12.2599331.
  • @RazaEtAl2022 W. Raza et al., “Toward a Hybrid RF/Optical Lunar Communication System (LunarComm),” IEEE Network, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 76–83, Nov. 2022, doi: 10.1109/MNET.103.2100419.
  • @VelazcoEtAl J. E. Velazco, A. C. Aguilar, A. R. Klaib, U. S. Escobar, S. E. Cornish, and J. C. Griffin, “Development of Omnidirectional Optical Terminals for Swarm Communications and Navigation”.